RfQ
Lead-Based Batteries

Lead-Based Batteries

The History of the Battery Although there is evidence of electrochemical cells dating back to 2000 years ago, the story of the first true battery starts with an Italian physicist by the name of Alessandro Volta. In 1800 Volta created the first battery based on pairs of copper and zinc discs, the Voltaic Pile. It was with the invention in 1836 of the Daniell Cell, which consisted of a copper pot filled with a copper sulphate solution, that batteries would be made that could deliver a reliable current and be put to industrial use. The first rechargeable battery, or secondary cell, was a lead-acid cell battery invented in 1859 by the French inventor Gaston Planté, whose work laid the foundation for the modern lead-based battery industry. The first practical lead-acid battery was developed by Henri Tudor in 1886 and was manufactured first in Luxembourg and then in Belgium, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Since then there has been steady improvement of this battery technology in parallel with other technologies such as the first dry cell (a battery with a non-liquid electrolyte), the zinc-carbon battery, in 1887, the nickel-cadmium battery in 1899, the nickel-iron battery in 1903, the nickel hydrogen battery in the early 1970s, nickel-metalhydride batteries in the late 1970s, and lithium and lithium-ion batteries since the late 1980s. Batteries Today Batteries come in all sizes, from personal batteries used to power MP3 players, toys, radios and smoke detectors, and rechargeable batteries in mobile phones, laptops and portable DVD players, to industrial and automotive batteries used to crank internal combustion engines in cars (starting, lighting and ignition, or... read more
Global Lead-Acid Battery Market Development Status

Global Lead-Acid Battery Market Development Status

The product that has the largest share of the electric storage device market The lead-acid battery has been playing an important role in the automobile and motorcycle industries for a long time. In recent years, the lead-acid battery’s applications can be seen in the markets of Uninterruptible Power Supply Systems (UPS), UPS used in communication base stations, medical equipment, and electric vehicles. Because of the early commercial applications, product maturity, and the low cost, it is still the product with the largest market in electric storage technology. Whether it is the selection, research and development of the materials, processing technology, or the battery recycling technology, the industry technology and the market have entered the mature stage. The anode material used in a lead-acid battery is lead dioxide, the cathode is lead, while the electrolyte is sulfuric acid and water, in the proportion of 1.24. In general, the voltage specifications of the lead-acid battery sold in the market are 12V, and 24V, which are assembled with multiple 2V batteries connected in a series circuit, while the capacity is dependent on the surface area of the electrode plates. When the battery is in a discharged state, the active materials of the anode and cathode react with sulfuric acid and form lead sulfate; when the discharge stops, the concentration of the sulfuric acid in the electrolyte decreases, and the resistance inside the battery increases. It is during this time, that it requires the generator in an automobile, or a motorcycle to recharge. From the perspective of the existing lead-acid battery market, the global market share of the lead-acid battery in 2010 was... read more